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|The Scarlet Letter
publisher: Querido, Amsterdam, 1850
refered to by:
Crime and Punishment
Fyodor M. Dostoyevsky
The World According to Garp
City of Glass
|Nathanial Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter is famous for presenting some of the greatest interpretive difficulties in all of American literature. While not recognized by Hawthorne himself as his most important work, the novel is regarded not only as his greatest accomplishment, but frequently as the greatest novel in American literary history. After it was published in 1850, critics hailed it as initiating a distinctive American literary tradition. Ironically, it is a novel in which, in terms of action, almost nothing happens. Hawthorne's emotional, psychological drama revolves around Hester Prynne, who is convicted of adultery in colonial Boston by the civil and Puritan authorities. She is condemned to wear the scarlet letter 'A' on her chest as a permanent sign of her sin. The narrative describes the effort to resolve the torment suffered by Hester and her co-adulterer, the minister Arthur Dimmesdale, in|| the years after their affair. In fact, the story excludes even the representation of the passionate moment which enables the entire novel. It begins at the close of Hester's imprisonment many months after her affair and proceeds through many years to her final acceptance of her place in the community as the wearer of the scarlet letter. Hawthorne was masterful in the use of symbolism, and the scarlet letter 'A' stands as his most potent symbol, around which interpretations of the novel revolve. At one interpretive pole the 'A' stands for adultery and sin, and the novel is the story of individual punishment and reconciliation. At another pole it stands for America and allegory, and the story suggests national sin and its human cost. Yet possibly the most convincing reading, taking account of all others, sees the 'A' as a symbol of ambiguity, the very fact of multiple interpretations and the difficulty of achieving consensus.
Lezen&Cetera, Pieter Steinz
|BOOKS BY NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE:|
The Scarlet Letter
The tale of a passionate woman in 17th-century Boston who challenges the system of moral authority and places belief in the higher law of her own heart.
|The House of the Seven Gables|
The curse of Mathew Maule descends on seven generations of the inhabitants of an old New England house.
|The Blithedale Romance|
Abjuring the city for a pastoral life, a group of utopians set out to reform a dissipated America.
|Young Goodman Brown and Other Tales|
A selection of tales written between the 1830s and 50s.
editor-in-chief: Stacey Knecht, email@example.com
Thanks to: De digitale pioniers and
Het Prins Bernhard Cultuurfonds
Design: Maurits de Bruijn
Copyright: Pieter Steinz, Stacey Knecht
All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced in any form or by any electronic or mechanical means, including information storage and retrieval systems, without permission in writing from the author.